A rapid fire look at Australian history

I present to you film images that I feel are bound to engender a sense of great interest and nostalgia

Australia captured in time, Part 1 – A re-look at old war photographs. Snippets of the Gough Whitlam and the Vietnam war years

Australia captured in time, Part 2 – Whitlam, the origins of the Snowy mountains scheme and historical Australian nature’s fury

Australia captured in time, Part 3 – Unusual film extracts from Cyclon Tracy and the Azaria Chamberlain affair

The dynamic nature of Australian football – Historical photographs of Australian footballers at their best

Australian portraits from yesteryear – Guess these famous faces if you can

From HMAS Sydney to Queen Elizabeth II – Out of the ordinary film snippets relating to the sinking of HMAS Sydney in World war two  and Queen Elizabeth II’s visit to Australia in 1954

The information in the six videos above have been derived from the resources of Fairfax Media and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

The lightning, the train, the movement and the act of observation

The Sagnac effect and its relation to Einstein’s lightning, train and observation analogy. A review.


I introduce you to the Sagnac effect in physics. The 1930’s Sagnac experiment, together with a long succession of confirming experiments, demonstrates the validity of Newtonian type ether theory. The successful Sagnac experiment seems to be rarely discussed in mainstream relativity physics literature. Neither is a succession of similar experiments that offer evidence that ether theory is a valid inertial reference frame with respect to helping to understand and describe universal reality physics.

As a concept scientist, today I offer a theory that may help you to better understand what appears to be the value of the ether inertial frame point of universal reference. It is likely that I am introducing you to new ideas. I do not seek to prove anything with this blog. I am not capable of doing so anyway. I offer my readers a minimal number of references. For this reason you should consider this blog as being a succession of ideas for you to consider.

If you have a deep interest in physics, it is likely you would be aware of the alleged null result of the 1887 Michelson and Morley experiment that sought to establish if Newtonian type ether theory was a valid hypothesis or not. If you look carefully through the literature you will find the Michelson and Morley experiment was never a null result. Professional physicists at the time described it as being an incomplete result. In the 1920’s, Dayton Miller’s ether experiment plus others around that time [including Ives and Stilwell] demonstrated that the original 1887 Michelson and Morley experiment had greater merit than first thought.

In 1913 the French scientist Georges Sagnac demonstrated the veracity of ether theory in the wider physical debate. Einstein knew about the successful Sagnac experiment as well. There are odd times around that same period in which Einstein admitted the necessity to have a physical inertia frame in order to make both of his models “work”. You will find a reference to Einstein’s apparent change of heart regarding ether in this PDF file. I have emboldened text that I feel may most interest you. It is important that you know that there are various ether theories. The common factor in all of these theories is that ether space is without time. Ether space is absolute space. Einstein’s special and general relativity theories can be seen as concurrent theories with respect to the absolute ether inertia frame of reference. By this I mean the universal frame of reference. You will also see where I discuss simultaneity is possible in ether theory. If you are keenly interested in this history and evolution of the ether debate in the pre-1950 period, I strongly urge you to read a paper written by Lloyd S. Swenson entitled “The Michelson-Morley-Miller experiments before and after 1905”.

The main text

The Sagnac effect is important because it addresses the issue of the isotrophy of light velocity [with respect to the observer] in all the possible inertial frames. If the isotropic speed of light is not found to be constant, then this provides problems for both of Einstein’s relativity theories. This is because he would have needed to modify his special relativity and general relativity models in order to make them compatible with a motionless ether. He did not do this because he felt that his theories made ether unnecessary. The physicists Lorentz and Poincare showed that such a change would have been relatively straightforward.

The Sagnac effect resolves any such dilemma by not postulating the speed of light, by assuming the existence of a preferred inertial frame [ether] in which simultaneity holds. Ether is called preferred because it is where the first synchronisation of clocks is made, and where a frame of reference is moving at the speed of light. This video* illustratively demonstrates the Sagnac experiment quite well. A kit for home use to study the Sagnac effect is available as well. For professional scientists I offer this additional link for you to consider.

*I apologise to my readers that at the end of this video it contains material of a religious nature. However, I have incorporated the video because I feel that it demonstrates the Sagnac effect quite well.

I suggest that the speed of light is meaningless if space does not contain existing co-ordinates that are mobile or fixed, i.e., without time. The laws of nature tell us that such hidden co-ordinates exist and therefore geometry and algebra may be able to predict both what these hidden co-ordinates mean, and then predict their relationship to the holistic universe. The existence of a preferred inertial reference frame would seem to be a sound way of helping to understand such hidden co-ordinates. The eminent 19th century physicist Poincare agreed that such co-ordinates must exist. They already exist as a mathematical concept.

Einstein’s theories demonstrate that a preferred initial frame is unnecessary. However, they rely on the eyes of observers, but these observers are subjective. The Sagnac experiment, which has been replicated, also tells us that an objective co-ordinate must exist in real space because they can be explained by such experiments. These are experiments that tell scientists that there is such a thing as absolute space, and thus ether theory is a valid theory. Relativity theory seems to make no attempt to provide physical meaning to its mathematical construction [because it does not need to], whereas an ether inertial frame does. Einstein argued that they need not do so.

The Sagnac effect physically demonstrates this point quite clearly. As I indicated in my introduction, there are other theories that have been tested that provide additional validity to the Sagnac theory. These include the Michelson, Gale and Pearson experiment in 1925, and perhaps, more importantly, the Ives and Stilwell Brussels canal experiment in 1925. The long term Dayton Miller experiment has also provided much highly useful data that complements all of these tests and experiments. Miller’s testing ranged from the late 1920s well into the 1930s. I would like to introduce you to the Kennedy and Thorndike experiment at this time as well. From my secondary reading it seems that not many physicists have heard about this experiment before.

Einstein’s relativity theories appear to loosely deny the existence of such a universal ether and its alleged hidden co-ordinates. However, at different times Einstein did clearly state that an ether inertial frame of reference exists but he never widely expressed this point of view to the media of his time. [He mostly seems to have stated this idea at private lectures]. An example of this is a lecture that Einstein delivered in 1924 which I have discussed above and you can find in this PDF file. I have emboldened the sections that I feel are more relevant to my readers.

Let me summarise as follows:

1] There is an absolute space inertial frame of reference.

2] There are hidden co-ordinates within the inertial ether frame.

3] The effects of these hidden co-ordinates, together with what meaning they may have, are testable and demonstrable by experiments such as the 1913 Sagnac experiment and others like it as I have discussed.

4] Einstein seems to have been ambivalent as to whether there existed an ether inertial frame of reference, because he thought it was not necessarily relevant to his relativity models. At the same time however, Einstein seems to have said it was likely that ether theory might be desirable for inclusion within both of his relativity models.


Many contemporary physicists continue to believe that ether theory is unnecessary in their attempts to create a theory of everything. I will shortly describe how that, in my opinion, absolute ether theory might help to explain the lightning strike, the moving train and observer analogy that Einstein asked his peers to consider. Before doing this, I will add additional information that I believe will help you fully understand what I am talking about in my limited description of differing events relating to Einstein’s moving train analogy.

1] Light should be seen as being a disturbance in the ether medium travelling at constant speed with respect to the medium of the inertial reference frame, [as when light changes speed because of what it may be travelling through, such as air, a vacuum or a transparent object like a diamond.] This is not the same as what an observer sees in a chosen frame as in the case of special relativity theory.

2] The velocity of light in the ether medium is the distance travelled divided by the time it takes to travel the distance. The distance measured in the ether medium is by both material rods and mechanical clocks by means of time dilation. Material rods shrink with motion through dilation [through relativistic effects] relating to any given speed and clocks slow down too. This is via dilation with respect to measurement.

3] As clocks slow with movement in the ether inertia frame, the time varies between clocks at rest in the ether frame. All reference frames chosen by observers in Einstein’s relativity modelling should be considered as being within the universal ether frame. In other words, where Special Relativity theory says that the two return journey events on all platforms are the same, it is not correct.

4] Light travelling between two points should be perceived as and treated as a single event. In a light and mirror experiment, the return trip of light to a common point is an event. The point where the light separates for the return journey is an event unto itself. Such a ‘space’ exists between all events such as in the mirror experiment. and this space should be seen as being without absolute time. This is because all events occur within hidden co-ordinates of a single inertia ether, not just a single reference frame chosen by an observer, as is the case in special relativity theory. This is why from a special relativity frame of reference the two journeys are unequal. The return trip from point B to point A is slower.

5] The measurement of a light signal between two points (say mirrors) necessitates there being two clocks A and B. Clock A is the clock at the point of sending and clock B is the point of receiving. Both clocks must be set at the same run rate. The contraction of clock B when it is moved from point A to point B also needs adjusting. This is because the movement between both reference points A and B is a separate reference frame unto itself with respect to the earth. When clocks dilate they contract with respect to the universal inertia ether, not clock time as is commonly believed by relativity theory scientists.

6] The isotropic radiation effect of moving light also manipulates matter on an atomic scale. This would also occur in relation to the wider universal inertial frame.


The Einstein dual lightning strike analogy

Within Einstein’s analogy there are several different events. These include two prospective lightning strikes upon the train and a separate event relating to the formation of plasma caused by the two lightning strikes. In turn, these two strikes are also relevant to the moving train with respect to the rails upon which the train is moving. This includes the observer sitting on the embankment who in turn is located in respect to the centre of the moving train as Einstein’s analogy dictates. This is in addition to the wider events in the chosen frame of reference. Remember that these events are also taking place with respect to the wider universal inertia reference frame of ether and that there is a relativity clock time delay between each event that needs to be considered between these events. This includes the mechanics of clocks. Also all moving objects, including the train itself, shrink as a result of such movement.

Place one clock at the front of the train and walk down to the other end of the train and place another clock at the rear. The clock at the front of the train records the lightning strike as being in local [relative] time, but the clock at the rear of the train, through time dilation due to the act of walking to place the second clock at the rear of the train indicates a slower time. Furthermore clocks fastened externally to the train at each end would record the same degree of dilation if an observer were to walk the length of the roof of the train.

Let us say that the train is moving forward at one hundred kilometres per hour and the length of the train is eighty metres. This means that the events are occurring within one reference frame as chosen by an observer who is observing all events adjacent and related to the embankment as well as adjacent to the moving train. The girl on the train would be observing the events of dual lightning strikes only with respect to the event within the train itself. This is by means of the respective isotropic effects of both lightning strikes that would have been [relatively] instantaneous as per Einstein’s analogy. Both isotropic effects of ether lightning strikes would reach the girl in the centre of the train at C [i.e. the speed of light] The girl’s observation of the observer on the embankment would have also been relating to the same two instantaneous isotropic lights as well. Keep in mind that the same events are occurring with respect to the moving train as well as the wider ether inertial frame.

From these combined events it can be seen that it would be impossible to observe that the two lightning strikes were simultaneous. The clock time dilation effects between both events would prohibit this. The same applies to the girl on the train for similar relative clock time reasons. It is not only the clock time dilation effect that would prohibit this, but also the contraction in length of the train itself, as it was moving instead of being at rest relative to an observer. However, because simultaneity is allowed in the in the ether inertia frame. I will discuss why I feel that this is the case.

Because there is a delay between all events, no matter how large or how small these events may be. This delay is represented by the absoluteness of the universal ether. This delay [I will call NOW] is not measurable by clocks. It simply “IS”. It is representative of the wider influence, and effect of nature. This is nature that has its own already existing hidden co-ordinates in which Einstein’s lightning strike analogy applies.

An observer positioned upon the motionless Earth gravity field would observe the commonality effect of the special relativity reference frame chosen by the observer on the embankment. The observer on the embankment cannot do this. This is because he is included within his own choice of reference frames which in turn is relative from the wider inertia ether frame. This is the reference frame that then must hold. It must be treated as the dominant frame. This is in respect to the observer in the motionless Earth gravity field that in turn is relative to the universal inertial frame of ether. These words draw attention to the commonality to all that “IS” with respect to the universal inertial frame of ether.

I argue that at the relative time that the two lightening strikes hit the train, and from the universal ether inertia frame point of reference (absolute time), as well as the special relativity perspective, there would have been a analogous NOW. From a special relativity perspective this is unknowable because it is unmeasurable and not observable. However, from an observer in the first gravity field it would be. What must be considered is that both lightening strikes hitting the train were two separate events.

I further suggest that this NOW that I have introduced you to has no past and no future. This means that until the indeterminable NOW ‘period’ moves into the past the special relativity reference is “frozen” in relativity clock time. This is before rods commence shrinking and clocks as discussed above run slower in absolute ether time. An observer within the absolute ether of motionless Earth gravitation would observe the NOW. This is a NOW that he would have also observe the position of a train not only relevant to an observer of the two ether inertial frame lightning strikes at each end of the train but also the girl in the middle of the train. [Light and its isotropic effects are related to ether as demonstrated by the Sagnac experiment]. By this I mean that the observer in the motionless gravitational frame of ether reference would then mathematically know exactly where the centre of the train was during without time of the absolute state of NOW as I have been discussing.

If the train is eighty metres in length, then the centre of the train would notionally be at rest with each half of the train resting equally at the point of the absolute NOW. This NOW relative to the train is also relative to the parallel railway lines upon which the train is travelling. The implications of this are that once the relative point with respect to the railway track of NOW has passed [the train continues to move forward in relation to this point]. From this it is then possible to employ this railway line reference point to mathematically determine who saw the lightning strikes happen at the same time, and who did not, i.e., the observer and the girl. Furthermore, who saw the lightning strikes separate with respect to each other. This includes the known length of the train, the known speed of the train and the point of reference on the railway tracks with respect to the embankment. This is from the point of view of the observer on the embankment. The observer however would not know that he was frozen into the “NOW” as is observed by the another observer in the motionless gravitation of ether in the inertial ether frame. The slowing clocks on the train, as well as the contraction of the moving train with respect to the ether frame observer, the time dilation of clock time and shrinkage of the train itself play no role in this ether frame model of event related conditions. It only would when Einstein’s special relativity theory analogy applied to the observer on the embankment in his chosen reference frame.

I believe that my review of the Sagnac experiment demonstrates that there are two different light sources that emanated from a single light source that then come back together to form a single effect of light. The splitting of light this way demonstrates the difficulty that emanated from the Michelson and Morley experiment that allegedly had a null result. This is incorrect as was demonstrated by Dayton Miller and numerous other highly respected physicists around the same time.


Geopolitics and other out of the ordinary news of the times

A continuum of news stories from around the world that I feel have the potential to impact upon all of our lives

I have views relating to the great diversity of change that is currently taking place around the world. I regularly read overseas news items. I feel that many of these stories have not been given due attention in the Australian media. I have created this blog in order to post different overseas stories that I feel may interest you as much as they have interested me.

The stories are as follows:

1] Japan is Back on the World Stage

2] Why China-Russia relations are warming up in the Arctic

3] Welcome to the Post-Text Future

4] How Trump walked into Putins web

5] The Germans are making contingency plans for the collapse of Europe

6] What Explains US Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggests an Answer

7] Harvard Scientists claim that thousands of civilizations could be flying on interstellar sails

8] Many people seem to be questioning President Trumps erratic bahaviour and his associated mental stability

9] There seems to be a question mark about the claim that the Tienanmen Square crisis in China was really a bloodbath

10] Mao Zedong and the roots of the North Korea nuclear crisis

11] Is the world climate change situation becoming more serious?

Archival entertainment

The stories, videos and other items listed below have been randomly inserted into this blog for your entertainment. There are hundreds of hours of entertainment within the wide range of subjects that I am presenting to you.

I originally intended to trash this material as part of my new website reconstruction. However, I have had second thoughts about this because there has been an inestimable number of hours spent creating the blogs. I feel it would be a tragedy to do otherwise.

There is an extensive range of topics that I feel sure will not only interest you but I feel much of it will make you laugh to tears. The following keys have been listed to assist you to identify the types of subjects that are listed unless the topics are otherwise clear. The respective emboldened keys appear adjacent to their respective titles.

Humor: H
Humorous videos: HV
Technical articles: T
Technical videos: TV
Adventure stories: A
Adventure videos: AV
Unusual stories: U
Unusual vidoes: UV
Other items: O
Other videos: OV
History: Y
History videos: YV


1] The Junkers Ju-52 aircraft played a very important part in both the pre-world war two period as well as the war itself

Nearly 5000 of this model were produced between the early 1931 to 1952. The nickname of this aircraft was “Iron Annie” and there is probably a good reason for it being entitled with this nickname. It was found to be a very reliable workhorse for the Luftwaffe during the war. It is also a very usual looking aircraft in the sense that it had one of it’s three engines positioned just forward of the cockpit. Here is both a wikipedia article as well as a historical video about this famous aircraft.

The American DC-3 aircraft was brought into around the same time. It became similarly popular and played the same civilian and military roles as the Ju-52 aeroplane.


2] My first ride in an aircraft was on a DC-3 in 1956. It was a thrilling experience for a young man

I would like to share with my readers the colourful history of the DC-3, more particularly the important role DC-3’s played during the second world war. Here is both a wikipedia article as well as a historical video about this famous aircraft. Readers will note that the film in the video was probably edited and recorded somewhere in the early 1970’s and as such the quality of the film is a little antiquated. However, in my opinion, this adds to the enjoyment of watching the documentary.

The German Ju-52 aircraft was brought into around the same time. It became similarly popular and played the same civilian and military roles as the DC-3 aeroplane.


3] I think you will find this dramatic lightning strike on a tree near a house is compelling viewing

Be aware that the same event is repeated in the video


4] Clever dog has been taught the art of life resuscitation

I feel that this video will greatly entertain you

See video here


5] Weird and unbelievable amusement park rides in China

I do not think that some of these rides are possible

I will leave it up to you to make up your own mind.


6] Important aspects of the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis revisited. Is this story relevant today?

I think that it is

I have found two videos that seem to provide a comprehensive insight as to what happened in October 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis in the Caribbean. I think that the Cuban missile Crisis was a defining point in international political and military history. During the 13 day period of the crisis the world unequivocally faced the possibility of nuclear annihilation. It is for this reason, and more particularly in relation to the North Korean military stand-off today that I feel these two video documentaries made in the 1990’s are highly pertinent now.

I think that the most relevant point of the Cuban Missile Crisis is that nuclear annihilation could have occurred simply by incomplete or delayed transfer of information between the United States, The Soviet Union and their respective allies. Both the United States and The Soviet Union were merely a hair trigger away from mutual destruction.

Perhaps one of the most important factors in this stand-off is that the respective American and Soviet field commanders each had autonomous rights to fire weapons without referring back to their superiors if they felt sufficiently mutually threatened to do so by the opposing forces. The Soviets believed that the Americans were planning a full-scale invasion of Cuba [as they were] and the Soviets would have resorted to using tactical nuclear weapons in the field against the Americans if this had occurred. The Soviets also had nuclear armed torpedoes on their submarines as well as short range tactical nuclear rockets available to their field armies. The Americans did not know about the nuclear armed torpedoes and tactical rockets deployed by the Soviets.

Misuse of these nuclear weapons would have most likely resulted in a full scale nuclear exchange between America and The Soviet Union. The Cuban Missile Crisis eventually led to the first nuclear arms control treaty between the Soviets and Americans.

The reasons why the two videos have been incorporated into this blog is because the video entitled “The Cuban Missile Crisis – What the World Didn’t Know” gives a fairly comprehensive overview of the dynamics of the crisis itself. The video entitled “The Cuban missile crisis – The man who saved the world” provides great insight into the hair trigger nature of the conflict as I discussed above.

This wikipedia article provides a much deeper insight into the crisis than my words.


7] A mysterious abandoned Nazi construction project is found underneath a mountain

I was amazed when I found this video

It must have taken tens of thousands of man hours to build such an extensive facility. It surprises me that it has only been recently rediscovered.

The video


8] Radiator refill on the run [HV]

I think that you will find this video very amusing


9] British De Havilland Mosquito aircraft were amongst the most versatile and effective aircraft employed in WW2

The Mosquito was also very interesting because it was made almost entirely of wood. Furthermore for a period of time the Mosquito ranked as the fastest military aircraft in the world. For a number of reasons I have a quiet love for the Mosquito. I now enthusiastically present my readers with four videos that I feel collectively do a great job in explaining my feelings about Mosquitoes. For readers who have never heard of this aircraft and wish to learn a little more about it, I refer you to this wikipedia article.






10] Collection of letters by codebreaker Alan Turing found in filing cabinet

These historical letters may be of interest to my readers

The Guardian article


11] It seems that in 1950 motorsport racing was rather like a quaint event as opposed to what it is today



12] Skinny juggling act [HV]

Male strippers that can juggle, I think that this is very clever



13] Humorous Chinese sex talk presentation

I believe that this quick witted Chinese man does a good job at presenting this type of comedy



14] What happens to fat when we lose weight?

I think you will be surprised at the answer to this question

The article I quote is from the Huffington Post.


15] Adventurous athletes at play

I think that you will find some of the stunts these athletes are performing are breathtaking


16] The amazing razor blade swallower

Very clever presentation, even if not true



17] Incredible pool trick shot

This shot extends five hundred feet [152 meters]. In my opinion this is an awe inspiring video



18] Half ton girl charged with murder

Mayra Rosales was once the heaviest woman in recorded history

Prosecutors charged Mayra with the murder of her two year old nephew. Some readers may find the contents of this blog offensive and distressing



“Mayra Lizbeth Rosales (born 1980) is a Mexican American woman known for being, at one point, the heaviest living woman. At her heaviest, she weighed 470 kg (1,036 lb) but currently weighs an estimated 91 kg (200 lb). She came to prominence in March 2008 when her sister was jailed for murdering her two-year-old nephew. She decided to get her life back in order to get custody of her sister’s children, who had no parents to take care of them at that time.”

Video presentation 1

Video presentation 2


19] Funny robot dog

This is amazing technology



20] A humerous example of a possible Internet relationship

Bit of a laugh

Daughter: “Dad, I’m in love with a boy who is far away from me.  I am in Australia and he lives in the UK.  We met on a dating website, became friends on Facebook, had long chats on Whatsapp, he proposed to me on Skype and now we’ve had two months of relationship through Viber.  Dad, I need your blessings and good wishes.”

Father: “Wow!  Really!!  Then get married on Twitter, have fun on Tango, buy your kids on Amazon and pay through Paypal.  And if you are fed up with your husband …sell him on EBay”.

Have a great day!


21] Unhappy homecoming [HV]

See why this man was so shocked!



22] Oh what a feeling flying car! [TV]

When a car is not a car?

The answer is an aeroplane. The truth is it seems its rapid transformation between both modes is simply at the touch of two buttons. Make up your own mind. I think you will agree with me that Toyota has created something that is technologically superb.


23] Can a city be brought to its knees by an invisible and (at ground level) noiseless bomb explosion?

The evidence below seems to confirm that this is a frightening possibility.

The weird thing seems to be that very few people seem to know about the existence of this sinister type of weapon. Such a device could be detonated around 100ks into the earths upper atmosphere and from my reading the technology to do this need not be unduly sophisticated. The weapon’s explosion would be noiseless at ground level and unless someone was specifically looking into the atmosphere to see a short lived flash they would never know such a detonation had occurred. There would be no associated building structural damage but otherwise the adverse ramifications from such an hostile act would be catastrophic.

For example every computer within the affected zone would immediately be taken out of commission and these would include those relating to public instrumentality’s  such as computer managed power generation and water supply plants. Unless especially protected the computers of banks would be similarly disabled. Furthermore all motor vehicles that have computer managed engines would (unless they were protected) no longer function. Computer managed domestic appliances would fail as well. All affected computers would have to be either replaced or repaired. Buildings would not be structurally damaged.

In other words my summation of these words is that if such an explosion/s took place over any country (including Australia) the targeted country and its citizens would suddenly find themselves being compelled to live in what may have been eighteenth century living conditions. Furthermore such adverse living conditions could persist for many years.

If you are a casual reader I believe that the following two url references provide elementary evidence that supports much of what I have said. I believe I have not exaggerated the contents of this blog. For readers seeking more detailed information about this topic I have copied and pasted extracts from a 2008 US Govt commissioned report regarding this type of potential military threat to the the United States of America. I am not certain if there is a later report than this or not.

This video confirms the existence and danger of this already employed nuclear weapon.

This wikipedia article demonstrates the frightening characteristics of this stealthy weapon.

It seems that the Japanese government is beginning to treat this matter seriously.

Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack


Preface vi

……Electronics are used to control, communicate, compute, store, manage, and implement nearly every aspect of United States (U.S.) civilian systems. When a nuclear explosion occurs at high altitude, the EMP signal it produces will cover the wide geographic region within the line of sight of the detonation. [1]   This broad band, high amplitude EMP, when coupled into sensitive electronics, has the capability  to  produce  widespread  and  long  lasting  disruption  and  damage  to  the  critical infrastructures that underpin the fabric of U.S. society….

[1] For example, a nuclear explosion at an altitude of 100 kilometers would expose 4 million square kilometers, about 1.5 million square miles, of Earth surface beneath the burst to a range of EMP field intensities.

…. Some critical  electrical  power  infrastructure  components  are  no  longer  manufactured  in  the United States, and their acquisition ordinarily requires up to a year of lead time in routine circumstances. Damage to or loss of these components could leave significant parts of the electrical infrastructure out of service for periods measured in months to a year or more…

Preface vii
….Electrical power is necessary to support other critical infrastructures, including supply and  distribution  of  water,  food,  fuel,  communications,  transport,  financial  transactions, emergency  services,  government  services,  and  all  other  infrastructures  supporting  the national  economy  and  welfare.  Should  significant  parts  of  the  electrical  power  infra-structure be lost for any substantial period of time, the Commission believes that the consequences are likely to be catastrophic, and many people may ultimately die for lack of the basic elements necessary to sustain life in dense urban and suburban communities….

Page 18
….The Commission has concluded that even a relatively modest-to-small yield weapon of particular characteristics, using design and fabrication information already disseminated through licit and illicit means, can produce a potentially devastating E1 field strength over very large geographical regions….

…..the Commission determined that such weapon devices not only could  be  readily  built  and  delivered,  but  also the  specifics  of  these  devices  have  been illicitly trafficked for the past quarter-century. The field strengths of such weapons may be much higher than those used by the Commission for testing threshold failure levels of electrical system components and subsystems

…..A  key  issue  for  the  Commission  in  assessing  the  impact  of  such  a  disruption  to  the Nation’s electrical system was not only the unprecedented widespread nature of the outage (e.g., the cascading effects from even one or two relatively small weapons exploded in optimum location in space at present would almost certainly shut down an entire interconnected electrical power system, perhaps affecting as much as 70 percent or possibly more of the United States, all in an instant) but more significantly widespread damage may well adversely impact the time to recover and thus have a potentially catastrophic impact….

Page 130

…..an  EMP  attack potentially could disrupt or collapse the food infrastructure over a large region encompassing many cities for a protracted period of weeks, months, or even longer. Widespread damage of the infrastructures would impede the ability of undamaged fringe areas to aid in recovery. Therefore, it is highly possible that the recovery time would be very slow and the amount of human suffering great, including loss of life….

Page 134

….Pulse-current injection and free-field illumination testing on a limited number of refrigerators and freezers indicate that some units will fail from low to moderate EMP levels. This testing indicates that substantial numbers of people would have to survive without benefit of refrigerated foods for an extended period, until repairs or replacement refrigerators and freezers could be obtained. Massive food spoilage at stores and regional warehouses is implied….


….Food  processing  of  vegetables,  fruits,  and  all  kind  of  meats  is  a  highly automated, assembly-line operation, largely driven by electric power. An EMP attack that damages this machinery or blacks out the power grid would stop food processing. The work force in the food processing industry is sized and trained to run a largely automated system. In the event of an attack that stops the machines from running, personnel would not be sufficiently numerous or knowledgeable to process food the old-fashioned way, by hand….

Page 139

….Electrically driven pumps, valves, filters, and a wide variety of other electrical machinery are indispensable for the purification of water for drinking and industrial purposes and for delivering water to consumers. An EMP attack could degrade or damage these systems, affecting the delivery of water to a very large geographic region.  Electrical machinery is also indispensable to the removal and treatment of wastewater. An EMP attack that degraded the processes for removing and treating wastewater could quickly cause public health problems over a wide area….

Page 143

…..Boiling water for purification would be difficult in the absence of electricity. Even most modern gas stoves require electricity for ignition and cannot be lighted by match. In any event, gas also may not be available to light the stoves (see Chapter 5)…


….A  prolonged  water  shortage  may  quickly  lead  to  serious  consequences.  People preoccupied with finding  or  producing enough drinking water to sustain life would be unavailable to work at normal jobs. Most industrial processes require large quantities of water and would cease if the water infrastructure were to fail….

Page 144
… Federal,  state,  and  local governments do not have the collective capability, if the water infrastructure fails over a large area, to supply enough water to the civilian population to preserve life…

Page 150
…Based upon results of the Commission-sponsored analysis, an EMP attack would disrupt or damage a functionally significant fraction of the electronic circuits in the Nation’s civilian telecommunications systems in the region exposed to EMP

Page 151

Hurricane Katrina in August  2005  damaged  cell  phone  towers  and  radio  antennas  that  were  crucial  to  the operation of emergency communications. Protracted blackout of the power grid caused generators supporting emergency communications to  exhaust  their  fuel supplies or fail from overuse. Consequently, government, police, and emergency services were severely impacted in their ability to communicate with the public and with each other… Looting, violence, and other criminal activities were serious problems in the aftermath of Katrina….

….An EMP attack is likely to incapacitate the same nodes—cell phone towers and radio antennas—and  overtax  generators  supporting  emergency  communications  for  a  protracted  period, creating the same conditions that incited lawless behavior in the aftermath of Katrina….


24] Jobs go out the window for these types of reasons [OV]

The examples presented seem to speak for themselves



25] Amazing 1929 flying boat

The Dornier Do X was the largest, heaviest, and most powerful flying boat in the world when it was produced by the Dornier company of Germany in 1929. It had twelve engines

I was amazed when I first discovered this video link I had no idea such large and powerful passenger aircraft were being introduced into service as early as 1929. I feel you may be as surprised as I was.

The video

A Wikipedia article that describes the history of this aircraft that was groundbreaking for its time


26] Winston Churchill talks about the power of lies

I think Churchill has it right about the power of lies and their subsequent negative consequences


A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on.” – Winston Churchill


27] An important message about voluntary euthanasia

A talk that Andrew Denton presented to the National Press Club in Australia on the 9th of August 2016

In case you missed this very important public presentation I will present it to you now. Readers will also note I have posted this blog in my category of “Matters relating to death”. I feel that Denton’s opinions about voluntary euthanasia complement other blogs I have posted in this sensitive category.


28] Well trained house cat [HV]

Cat using toilet & toilet paper


To laugh again about cats see below:



29] Is this the manner in which the Australian Government is conducting business today?

The joke:

It’s a slow day in a little West Victorian town. The sun is beating down, and the streets are deserted. Times are tough, everybody is in debt, and everybody lives on credit. On this particular day a rich tourist from back east is driving through town. He stops at the motel and lays a $100 bill on the desk saying he wants to inspect the rooms upstairs in order to pick one to spend the night.

As soon as the man walks upstairs, the owner grabs the bill and runs next door to pay his debt to the butcher.

The butcher takes the $100 and runs down the street to retire his debt to the pig farmer.

The pig farmer takes the $100 and heads off to pay his bill at the supplier of feed and fuel.

The guy at the Farmer’s Co-op takes the $100 and runs to pay his debt to the local prostitute, who has also been facing hard times and has had to offer her “services” on credit.

The hooker rushes to the hotel and pays off her room bill with the hotel owner. The hotel proprietor then places the $100 back on the counter so the rich traveler will not suspect anything.

At that moment the traveler comes down the stairs, picks up the $100 bill, states that the rooms are not satisfactory, pockets the money, and leaves town.  No one produced anything. No one earned anything. However, the whole town is now out of debt and looks to the future with a lot more optimism.

And that, ladies and gentlemen, is how the Australian Government is conducting business today.


30] All new battery powered electric car [HV]

The new AA German car –

This is an extremely funny and encapsulating entertainment


31] Sailing to Italy, fun story

Funny but hint of sexism

A young Sydney woman was so depressed that she decided to end her life by throwing herself into the Harbour.

Just before she could throw herself off Circular  Quay, a handsome young man stopped her.

“You have so much to live for,” said the man. “I’m a sailor, and we are off to Italy tomorrow.

I can stow you away on my ship. I’ll take care of you, bring you food every day, and keep you happy.”

With nothing to lose, combined with the fact that she had always wanted to go to Italy, the woman accepted.

That night the sailor brought her aboard and hid her in a small but comfortable compartment in the hold.

From then on, every night he would bring her three sandwiches, a bottle of red wine, and make love to her until dawn.

Two weeks later she was discovered by the captain during a routine inspection.

“What are you doing here?” asked the captain.

“I have an arrangement with one of the sailors,” she replied. “He brings me food and I get a free trip to Italy.”

“I see,” the captain says.

Her conscience got the best of her and she added,  “Plus, he’s screwing me.”

“He certainly is,” replied the captain “This is the Manly Ferry.”


32] Drawing skills at their very best [OV]

I am certain that this artist will impress you.

Warning: Includes subtle adult themes

The video


33] The humiliating experiences of a 14 year old boy in Scotland [HV]

This video tells its own story. This presentation also contains adult themes.



34] The adventures of a lady on a train [HV]

A clever little story that I think you will enjoy. This presentation contains adult themes.



35] Amazing juggler girl

The title speaks for itself



36] Driverless hearse concept car [TV]

Is this the manner in which funerals be conducted in the future? lol. Two stories:




37] Oops! Spectacular failures in flight

A few bruised bodies contained in this video


38] Guess what? We are mere garbage! [O]

At least a few highly important people we meet in life seem to think we are no more than mere garbage.

I share an interesting true story. A number of years ago, I met an ex-R.A.F. bomber crew member. He had many tales to tell about not only his wartime career in England, but his Australian experiences as well. He was married and had one daughter. He had not seen either wife or daughter for many years and had lived somewhat of a hermit’s life in a small country town in South Australia, writing his memoirs. Towards the end of his life, he requested me to be the trustee of his modest estate when he died. Because I did not really know the man very well I declined; however, I kept in touch with him from time to time. This included phoning him when he was in hospital during the last days of his life. It was during this period that he requested me to take care of his funeral arrangements, despite the fact I was not his trustee. He stated that he had a prepaid funeral plan.

This man, Tom, duly died. The hospital phoned me to say that the funeral business of XXX had agreed to take custody of Tom’s remains and arrange for him to be cremated in Gawler, South Australia. I confirmed this arrangement with the undertaker, and arranged to meet him, with Tom’s remains; at the Gawler crematorium at such and such a time on such and such a date. As far as I knew, Tom had only three close friends and he saw me as being one of them. The three of us agreed to meet at my home in the Adelaide Hills and then travel to Gawler together, to attend a simple pre-cremation service at the time I had arranged with the undertaker.

The day before the scheduled cremation I had cause to phone the undertaker. He was not available. He was attending another funeral and his son informed me that his father had bought forward Tom’s cremation by one day. This effectively meant that Tom’s three friends in life were to be cut off from the cremation process completely. I was extremely angry and verbally protested. The son suggested I phone his dad on his mobile at the cemetery where he was attending another person’s funeral. I did this. He confirmed that what his son had told me was correct. I became even further outraged because he had broken his agreement with me, and furthermore Tom’s three friends were being denied the opportunity to grieve appropriately. I stated that I was a professional counsellor and for this reason as well I felt my request to delay the cremation until we could all attend was fair and proper. The undertaker became similarly angry with me. He said: “Mr. Freeman, if you are a professional counsellor, you should know that I am in the garbage disposal business and as Mr. [Tom] did not appoint you as his trustee I can handle the deceased’s remains in any manner I see fit.” This made me even more furious and I told him so.

I rang around the Funeral Directors’ Association, the State Department of Consumer Affairs as well as the media, to tell them what was happening. Some one hour or so later I had a telephone call from another funeral parlour, this time in Gawler. The undertaker there said Tom’s remains would not go to the crematorium that day, but would be transferred to his parlour and be kept overnight, so we could pay our respects to Tom in the undertaker’s private chapel the next day. In other words the cremation was delayed by twenty-four hours. I expressed appreciation to the Gawler undertaker. I never heard from the original country undertaker again. We three friends of Tom attended the chapel the next day, paid our respects to the coffin allegedly containing Tom’s remains and left. I was tempted to lift a corner of the coffin to check if it was empty or not. I felt it was better not to know and leave it at that. I wanted no more trouble.

Tom’s wife and his daughter were not interested in Tom’s affairs and declined to attend the funeral service. It was not lost on me at the time just what a human tragedy was unfolding. On one hand here was a man who had lived such a rich and colourful life and on the other hand, after his death, was treated as if he had a contagious disease and was a criminal as well. It hit me that once Tom had been cremated there would be little more than Government records to show that he had ever existed in the first place. Furthermore he was not being given the common courtesy of the traditional committal words of “dust to dust”. Rather more it was “dust to garbage” I think no more needs to be said. Readers can make up their own minds as to whether we have a cultural right to openly grieve beside the remains of a deceased person.


39] Some things are worse in life than others [H]

A teenage girl writes one of those dread letters to her English parents.

It is a truly melancholy story,  but it is still just a story:


“Dear Mum & Dad,

It is with great regret and sorrow that I’m telling you that I’ve eloped with my new boyfriend.

I’ve found real love and he is so nice.  Especially with all his piercings, scars, tattoos, and his big motorcycle.

But it’s not only that, I’m pregnant, and Ahmed said that we will be very happy in his caravan in the forest.

He wants to have many more children with me and that’s one of my dreams too.

I’ve learned that marijuana does not hurt anyone and we’ll be growing it for us and Ahmed’s friends.

They’re the ones providing us with all the cocaine and ecstasy we could ever want.

In the meantime we’ll pray to Allah for science to find a cure for AIDS, so Ahmed can get better.

He deserves it.

Don’t worry about money.  Ahmed has arranged for me to be in films that his friends Leroy and Jamal make in their basement.  Apparently I can earn $200 per scene.

I get a $200 bonus if there are more than three men in the scene and an extra $100 for the deer.

Don’t worry Mum.  Now I’m 15 I know how to take care of myself.
Someday we’ll visit you and Dad so that you can meet your grandchildren.

Your loving daughter,


P.S. Dad, it’s not true.  I’m watching TV at the neighbors.
I just wanted to show you that there really are worse things in life than England losing the Ashes.”


40] Stunning snow flake images [U]

You may find this a brilliant and artistic presentation



41] Helpful Zen sayings. Laughs galore!

I hope you will find these sayings humorous

1. Do not walk behind me, for I may not lead. Do not walk ahead of me, for I may not follow.  Do not walk beside me for the path is narrow. In fact, just bugger off and leave me alone.

2. Sex is like air. It’s not important unless you aren’t getting any.

3. No one is listening until you fart.

4. Always remember you’re unique. Just like everyone else.

5. Never test the depth of the water with both feet.

6. If you think nobody cares whether you’re alive or dead, try missing a couple of mortgage payments.

7. Before you criticise someone, you should walk a mile in their shoes. That way, when you criticise them, you’re a mile away and you have their shoes.

8. If at first you don’t succeed, skydiving is not for you.

9. Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Teach him how to fish, and he will sit in a boat, wear an ugly hat and drink beer all day.

10. If you lend someone $20 and never see that person again, it was probably well worth it.

11. If you tell the truth, you don’t have to remember anything.

12. Some days you are the bug; some days you are the windscreen.

13. Don’t worry; it only seems kinky the first time.

14. Good judgement comes from bad experience and most of that comes from bad judgement.

15. A closed mouth gathers no foot.

16. There are two theories to arguing with women. Neither one works.

17. Generally speaking, you aren’t learning much when your lips are moving.

18. Experience is something you don’t get until just after you need it.

19. We are born naked, wet and hungry, and get slapped on our arse … then things just get worse.

20. Never, under any circumstances, take a sleeping pill and a laxative on the same night.


42] This guy is no caddy [OV]

If you play golf you will soon find the reasons why



43] Is this how clever scientists think?


44] Dog stopped for speeding in car


45] Dad & Dave, an Absolute classic [H]

It is likely that only Australian viewers will know the great depth of humour in the following words:

Dad & Dave saw an ad in the Daily Newspaper in Carleton Place, and bought a mule for $100. The farmer agreed to deliver the mule the next day.

The next morning the farmer drove up and said, “Sorry, fellows, I have some bad news, the mule died last night.”

Dad & Dave replied, “Well, then just give us our money back.”

The farmer said, “Can’t do that. I went and spent it already.”

They said, “OK then, just bring us the dead mule.”

The farmer asked, “What in the world ya’ll gonna do with a dead mule?”

Dad said, “We’re gonna raffle him off.”

The farmer said, “You can’t raffle off a dead mule!”

Dad said, “We shore can! Heck, we don’t hafta tell nobody he’s dead!”

A couple of weeks later, the farmer ran into Dad & Dave at the local grocery store and asked.

“What’d you fellers ever do with that dead mule?”

They said, “We raffled him off like we said we wuz gonna do.”

Dad said,”Hell, we sold 500 tickets fer two dollars apiece and made a profit of $998.”

The farmer said, “My Lord, didn’t anyone complain?”

Dave said, “Well, the feller who won got upset. so we gave him his two dollars back.”

Dad & Dave now work for the government.

They’re financial advisers to our finance minister.


46] Is this clown what he appears to be? [O]

At the end you may be surprised



47] Don’t mess with Senior Citizens

A joke about an old lady and a hotel bill:

The Hotel Bill

An older lady [a hot gilf] decided to give herself a big treat for her significant 70th birthday by staying overnight in an expensive hotel.

When she checked out next morning, the desk clerk handed her a bill for $250.00.

She exploded and demanded to know why the charge was so high. “It’s a Nice hotel but the rooms certainly aren’t worth $250.00 for just an overnight stay!

“I didn’t even have breakfast.”

The clerk told her that $250.00 is the ‘standard rate’, so she insisted on speaking to the Manager.

The Manager appeared and, forewarned by the desk clerk, announced: “This hotel has an Olympic-sized pool and a huge conference centre which are available for use.”

“But I didn’t use them,” she said.

”Well, they are here, and you could have,” explained the Manager.

He went on to explain that she could also have seen one of the in-hotel shows for which the hotel is famous. “We have the best entertainers from the world over performing here,” the Manager said.

“But I didn’t go to any of those shows,” she said.

“Well, we have them, and you could have,” the Manager replied.

No matter what amenity the Manager mentioned, she replied, “But I didn’t use it!” and the Manager countered with his standard response.

After several minutes discussion with the Manager unmoved, she decided to pay, wrote a check and gave it to him.

The Manager was surprised when he looked at the check. “But madam, This check is for only $50.00.”

“That’s correct. I charged you $200.00 for sleeping with me,” she replied.

“But I didn’t!” exclaims the very surprised Manager.

“Well, too bad, I was here, and you could have.”

Don’t mess with Senior Citizens


48] A former maid to Adolf Hitler interviewed

An unusually insightful interview that reveals much of what was going on behind the scenes in Hitler’s Germany



49] Gay friendly traffic lights have now arrived

Vienna brings in gay pedestrian crossing lights



50] A story about a little bird that has intestinal fortitude [OV]

Is it a story about quality characteristics some men may be lacking or is it simply foolishness or cheekiness on the part of the bird?

Make up your own mind. I think you will enjoy this 90 second Youtube presentation



51] Have trillions of dollars been misappropriated [thieved] from Australian national welfare fund? [U]

If this has happened Australian pensioners would now be legally entitled to a pension of $1000 per week.

Source: Brian Hale, The Courier-Mail-January 11, 2017


“THE stigma of charity should be removed from the age pension. It should be an entitlement earned by the person’s personal contribution to the fund,” said a very famous Australian long ago.  Who? Former Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies. When? At the time the current pension scheme was introduced. Fund? What fund and what personal contribution?

You wouldn’t know about it listening to the major parties’ politicians or Senate crossbencher David Leyonhjelm who, echoing former Treasurer Joe Hockey, told the ABC he wants Australians to drop their sense of entitlement to the aged pension, which should only be paid to poor people, and receiving it should be “nothing to be proud of”.

Well, no David, most pensioners worked and spent a lifetime paying for their pensions. It’s not welfare and, when it was introduced, it was actually meant to be an entitlement. A 7.5 per cent tithe was taken from wages to put into a fund to pay their pensions. Just as workers now have superannuation collected.

What a good idea! Unfortunately (for pensioners) the Labor Party insisted the contributions shouldn’t be kept in individual accounts as in the UK and the US where retirees get the entitlement earned by their contributions. Instead, it all went into one big pot, the National Welfare Fund. And when the pot got really big, the politicians took it.

They won’t talk about the historical facts because these days politicians have developed a new “ending the age of entitlement” narrative while pushing the disingenuous line that younger workers are paying tax to support pensioners.  Menzies was opposition leader when then prime minister Ben Chifley announced a National Welfare Fund to pay for pensions, unemployment relief, child endowments, even health care with a 7.5 per cent tax increase.

Menzies insisted that the Compulsory Contribution (levy) should be kept completely separate; that it should be paid straight into a trust account and not mixed with the general revenue.  The levy and the National Welfare Fund began on January 1, 1946, and contributions were shown separately on workers’ personal tax assessments for 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949 and 1950, with the money paid straight into the special fund from which claims were paid out.

In 1950 the balance in the fund was almost £100 million or $200 million – in today’s money the equivalent of several trillion dollars.

But the pot was too big for the politicians to leave alone. Menzies, supported by the Australian Labor Party, amended the Acts governing the fund so the compulsory contributions levy was lumped in with people’s income tax and the whole lot paid straight into consolidated revenue.  But the compulsory 7.5 per cent “levy” was still collected and spent.

In 1977 Liberal PM Malcolm Fraser transferred the balance left in the welfare fund account (by then almost $500 million, or several trillion in today’s terms) to consolidated revenue. But still the 7.5 per cent was taken out of everyone’s pay packet every week.  Then in 1985 the Labor Government repealed Acts No. 39, 40 and 41 of 1945 (The National Welfare Fund Acts) and introduced income and asset testing, thus excluding millions of levy and taxpaying Australians from receiving the pension for which they had paid.

But still the 7.5 per cent levy continued to be collected (while hidden in general income tax revenue.) And to this day it still is collected.

There have been estimates that the trillions of dollars stolen from the fund and the money paid and similarly stolen (sorry, transferred) since 1985 would be enough to pay a non-means-tested pension to every retiree of far more than $500 a week.  If it had been invested, like the Future Fund, the pension might be $1000 a week. Small beer compared with the politicians’ pension deals but a huge leap for older Aussies, 420,000 of whom had their age pensions cancelled or reduced from January 1.

Ironically, they are the very pensioners who would have the highest pensions if their personal contribution to the “fund” was the yardstick as in the UK and the US.  They probably generally have been Coalition voters. But no more.

Spend time in the RSLs, bowling clubs, voluntary organisations and the like, where these people gather and it is clear they are Liberal-National voters no more.  In lieu of an Australian Trump, they see no alternative but One Nation.

The Coalition, supported by Labor and the Greens, has turned 180 degrees from Menzies’ view the age pension is “an entitlement earned by the person’s personal contribution to the fund” and portrays it as charity.  For many Australians this alone shows how far the parties they once supported have strayed from principle.

The arrogant politicians think they can hypocritically and sanctimoniously speak condescendingly of older Australians.  They are in for a shock.

Brian Hale is a former business editor ofThe Courier-Mail and The Australian


52] Did the French plan to invade Sydney cove? [Y]

it seems the French planned to throw out the British administration and take Sydney cove over for themselves (to claim all of Australia). Proof seems to exist of this line of thinking



53] Professionally taken photographs of less fortunate Londoners in the 1870s

I can imagine people wanting to emigrate away from such conditions. Here is a small range of (17) professionally taken photographs

I think all are great in their own right (highly revealing of the times). If you are interested in this type of history I think you will find it fascinating.



54] Solar Road Panels Offer Asphalt Alternative [T]

Mass production of panels might make it practical

An American couple has found a surprising alternative to conventional asphalt motorways: solar road panels. In addition to providing electricity, saving oil and melting fresh snow, it could also prevent accidents.



55] Black and white Cat hosts Doggy Xmas dinner [HV]

I think that you will find this Vimeo link both clever and hilarious


The making of video of the above clip



56] Do you need to drive almost anywhere? [TV]

Perhaps this “Swincar” French off road vehicle will take you exactly where you want to go?



57] Amazing story of a man who survived being buried for 40 days [O]

The alleged event in 1880 seems to be quite well documented

This is an article with which I will leave you to make your own decision about:

40 days buried alive.pdf

Here is the original article found online:



58] An important message to the new American President from the Netherlands! [HV]

A humorous video presentation that I feel will humorously entertain you.



59] Did you know that cows can create fire by simply breathing? [U]

An unusual story about how cows created a barnyard fire by exhaling methane gas



60] A story about the beginning of the Internet [Y]

It is possible that there is more things relating to the beginning of the internet than you previously have known about



61] Secret Nazi village – recently rediscovered under The Hague [Y]

I cannot understand why it took the dutch so long to rediscover such an important remnant of WW2



62] Is it a fact that not all facts are facts?

Why facts aren’t always more important than opinions

I like the manner in which Peter Ellerton has addressed this topic


“The Conversation By Peter Ellerton, University of Queensland

Updated 19 Apr 2017, 12:17pm

Which is more important, a fact or an opinion on any given subject? It might be tempting to say the fact. But not so fast …

Lately, we find ourselves lamenting the post-truth world, in which facts seem no more important than opinions, and sometimes less so. We also tend to see this as a recent devaluation of knowledge. But this is a phenomenon with a long history. As the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov wrote in 1980:

“Anti-intellectualism has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life, nurtured by the false notion that democracy means that ‘my ignorance is just as good as your knowledge’.”

The view that opinions can be more important than facts need not mean the same thing as the devaluing of knowledge. It’s always been the case that in certain situations opinions have been more important than facts, and this is a good thing. Let me explain.

Not all facts are true

To call something a fact is, presumably, to make a claim that it is true. This isn’t a problem for many things, although defending such a claim can be harder than you think. What we think are facts — that is, those things we think are true — can end up being wrong despite our most honest commitment to genuine inquiry. For example, is red wine good or bad for you? And was there a dinosaur called the brontosaurus or not?

The Harvard researcher Samuel Arbesman points out these examples and others of how facts change in his book The Half Life of Facts. It’s not only that facts can change that is a problem. While we might be happy to consider it a fact that Earth is spherical, we would be wrong to do so because it’s actually a bit pear-shaped. Thinking it a sphere, however, is very different from thinking it to be flat. Asimov expressed this beautifully in his essay The Relativity of Wrong.

For Asimov, the person who thinks Earth is a sphere is wrong, and so is the person who thinks the Earth is flat. But the person who thinks that they are equally wrong is more wrong than both.

Geometrical hair-splitting aside, calling something a fact is therefore not a proclamation of infallibility. It is usually used to represent the best knowledge we have at any given time. It’s also not the knockout blow we might hope for in an argument. Saying something is a fact by itself does nothing to convince someone who doesn’t agree with you. Unaccompanied by any warrant for belief, it is not a technique of persuasion. Proof by volume and repetition — repeatedly yelling “but it’s a fact!” — simply doesn’t work. Or at least it shouldn’t.

Matters of fact and opinion

Then again, calling something an opinion need not mean an escape to the fairyland of wishful thinking. This too is not a knockout attack in an argument. If we think of an opinion as one person’s view on a subject, then many opinions can be solid.

For example, it’s my opinion that science gives us a powerful narrative to help understand our place in the Universe, at least as much as any religious perspective does.

It’s not an empirical fact that science does so, but it works for me. But we can be much clearer in our meaning if we separate things into matters of fact and matters of opinion.Matters of fact are confined to empirical claims, such as what the boiling point of a substance is, whether lead is denser than water, or whether the planet is warming.

Matters of opinion are non-empirical claims, and include questions of value and of personal preference such as whether it’s ok to eat animals, and whether vanilla ice cream is better than chocolate. Ethics is an exemplar of a system in which matters of fact cannot by themselves decide courses of action.

Matters of opinion can be informed by matters of fact (for example, finding out that animals can suffer may influence whether I choose to eat them), but ultimately they are not answered by matters of fact (why is it relevant if they can suffer?).

Backing up the facts and opinions

Opinions are not just pale shadows of facts; they are judgements and conclusions. They can be the result of careful and sophisticated deliberation in areas for which empirical investigation is inadequate or ill-suited.

While it’s nice to think of the world so neatly divided into matters of fact and matters of opinion, it’s not always so clinical in its precision.

For example, it is a fact that I prefer vanilla ice cream over chocolate. In other words, it is apparently a matter of fact that I am having a subjective experience.But we can heal that potential rift by further restricting matters of fact to those things that can be verified by others.

While it’s true that my ice cream preference could be experimentally indicated by observing my behaviour and interviewing me, it cannot be independently verified by others beyond doubt. I could be faking it.

But we can all agree in principle on whether the atmosphere contains more nitrogen or carbon dioxide because we can share the methodology of inquiry that gives us the answer. We can also agree on matters of value if the case for a particular view is rationally persuasive.Facts and opinions need not be positioned in opposition to each other, as they have complementary functions in our decision-making. In a rational framework, they are equally useful. But that’s just my opinion — it’s not a fact.

Peter Ellerton is a lecturer in critical thinking at the University of Queensland and director of the university’s Critical Thinking Project.

Originally published in The Conversation”



63] A story about an amazingly intelligent crow [OV]

This crow demonstrates phenomenal intelligence and foresight



64] The origins of the anus [O]

Some scientists say that this subject is far more important than it first appears. Scientists have just published a review into the origin of the anus

It appears that the anus has appeared in many forms, occasionally disappearing (?) again over history. Believe it of not.



65] Is the Australian Taxation Office God? [U]

The Australian Government has given its tax collector a powerful clout

The Law that gives it this clout is:

“The Commissioner may: • Treat a particular event that actually happened as not having happened; • Treat a particular event that did not actually happen as having happened and, if appropriate, treat the event as having happened at a particular time and having involved particular action by a particular entity; (or) • Treat a particular event that actually happened as having happened at a time different from the time it actually happened, or having involved particular action by a particular entity (whether or not the event actually involved any action by that entity).”

From section 165.55 of the Australian Commonwealth Statute Titled: ‘A New Tax System (Goods And Services Tax) Act 1999.’


66] Meet the shape shifting city car of tomorrow

A highly maneuverable little car that may provide insight into the development of cars in the future. It seems to be an amazing technology



67] Highly profitable bricky [OV]

I dare you to carry this much weight on your head



68] Interesting information relating to the Australian 1964 Bathurst car race [Y]

For car racing enthusiasts

A short video demonstrating what the race was all about including family car models that existed at the time

Additional information about the race


69] The 100 most impacting photos in history

If you are interested in history you probably appreciate viewing this range of unique photographs


“Fleeting moments in history have been captured by a lucky someone and have immortalized a special moment in time that was never to be seen again. All of these photos have some sort of shock factor to them, whether it be Bill Gates’ mugshot or the fact that Charlie Chaplin and Einstein were friends (which I had no idea). You also won’t believe who the man circled above is, you’ll be quite shocked.”



70] When an eggshell is not an eggshell? [U]

A simple story about why we all should be very careful to whomever we touch or somehow unduly influence and hurt in some way.

 I provide a simple metaphor for this legal phenomenon. I lightly punched you in the nose and you immediately commenced bleeding I was not too concerned about it. We both went home to clean ourselves up. Two days later two police officers arrive at my doorstep to take me into custody for an alleged act of murder. I arrived at the police station. I am informed you had died the night before and that I was responsible for your death. Following a police interview the police made a decision I was likely to be guilty of murder and I was locked up in the police cells pending a court hearing. It transpired when I hot headedly hit you I did not know you had an existing medical condition. This was a well advanced tumor in your upper nasal passages. I belatedly learned the day after I struck you that you went into convulsions and consequently died.

It is against this type of medical situation the ‘law of eggshell’ came into being. Although I do not know the exact basis of the case that prompted the establishment of the eggshell law rule, it appears it followed when a person hit another person over the head and died. The person who conducted the assault did not know the victim had an unusually thin skull [like an eggshell] through a pre-exiting medical condition. What this law seems to be implying is if one seeks to injure another person in some way they should seriously consider such a possibility before they strike out in the first place. This is another law that is likely most people would never have heard of. Three short case histories are as follows.


“(UK) In the case of Smith v. Leech Brain & Co., an employee in a factory was splashed with molten metal. The metal burned him on his lip, which happened to be premalignant tissue. He died three years later from cancer triggered by the injury. The judge held that as long as the initial injury was foreseeable, the defendant was liable for all the harm.

(US) In 1891, the Wisconsin Supreme Court came to a similar result in Vosburg v. Putney. In that case, a boy threw a small kick at another from across the aisle in the classroom. It turned out that the victim had an unknown microbial condition that was irritated, and resulted in him entirely losing the use of his leg. No one could have predicted the level of injury. Nevertheless, the court found that the kicking was unlawful because it violated the “order and decorum of the classroom”, and the perpetrator was therefore fully liable for the injury.

(US) In Benn v. Thomas, the appellate court determined that the eggshell rule should have been applied to a case in which a man had a heart attack and died after being bruised in the chest during a rear-end car accident.”



71] A Boy And His Atom [TV]

A fascinating story about the world’s smallest movie

This movie was made by IBM. IBM made a movie frame by frame by photographing atoms under a magnification of over 100 million times. IBM was testing the limits of digital memory storage by moving atoms as well as the limits of film making.

The World’s Smallest Movie

The making of video of the above movie can be seen here


72] Quote from actor Peter Finch

”You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view …until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.”

Quoted from 1960 film ” To kill a Mocking Bird” – Actor Peter Finch.


73] The chicken that lived for 18 months without a head [U]

Seventy years ago, a farmer beheaded a chicken in Colorado, and it refused to die.

This BBC story is truly a “Ripley’s believe it or not” article. It is because the story seems to be legitamte I have decided to share it with you. [I have my doubts though.]



74] The 1930s were humanity’s darkest, bloodiest hour. Are you paying attention? [Y]

A unique insight into the international social unrest that took place immediately prior to the Second World War.

It is argued that the international cultural unrest of the pre-war depression years could be being replicated today. The article seems to be presenting us reasons why we should seriously think about this issue. The blog is extremely well presented including with photographs.



75] A new road surfacing technique that you have probably never heard about before [TV]

Incredible road surfacing technique that was conducted in Western Australia



76] A movie about Coney Island in the U.S.A. that is alleged to have been filmed in 1900

I think that this movie is too high quality to have been made in 1900 but nevertheless I feel it is an interesting story



77] Unusual 360 degree moving video panoramas

I believe that this presentation has been very skillfully produced



78] Robot with amazing dexterity

I think that the content of this video speaks for itself



79] Stunning jet-ski ballet [AV]

A video about an unbelievable water sport



80] Did you know that AIDS was first transmitted to humans from experimental polio vaccines?

This website examines the possibility that AIDS was first transmitted to humans from experimental polio vaccines that had been secretly produced using chimpanzees in the Belgian Congo


This is the website that hosts the documentary:



81] A little about Heath Ledger

An introductory video into the natural character of Heath Ledger



82] Frightening glass bridge [AV]

I think most people would be petrified before considering walking across this extremely high bridge in China



83] Amazing show biz card tricks

I think that you will agree that this presentation is extremely clever



84] A story about a highly intelligent parrot

This talented parrot that can imitate the sounds of many different types of animals and birds



85] Some people seem to have memories containing enormous detail

A girl said that she could recall every day of her life since the age of 12. It seems that in rare cases some people have “total recall” memories about their lives

I think you will find this BBC story very interesting.



86] Unbelievably skillful motorbike riders

These Japanese policemen are truly incredibly skillful riders


87] It seems that elephants really are afraid of mice

This video is sourced from the Mythbusters TV program



88] Are you an ordinary member of the public? [O]

Do you fit into this legal definition of an ordinary member of the public?


The Butterworth Concise Australian legal dictionary second edition 1998 page 319 defines an ordinary member of the public as being…

“… the astute and the gullible, the intelligent and the no-so-intelligent, the well-educated as well as the poorly educated, men and women of various ages pursuing a variety of vocations”


89] Incredible ski jump [AV]

I dare say that you would not attempt to complete this hair raising skiing adventure. In my opinion it is incredible


90] Badgers who are escape artists

I think that you will find these badgers are a amazingly innovative and intelligent



91] Old dogs can learn new tricks after all

I think this mature aged dog is extremely clever and has been well trained



92] Abandoned funeral home discovered in country America

Abandoned funeral home – Boys found a 1950’s country funeral home that had been abandoned for many years. Everything inside remains largely intact.



93] The debate that took place prior to the two nuclear bombs dropped on Japan at the end of World War two

I think that you will find this article a thought challenging one


94] The world’s largest and most innovative underwater aircraft carrier

It was a 5,000 ton lethal fighting machine.

Unless you are a war buff, it think it is unlikely that you have ever heard about one of the most innovative submarines designed and built during WW2. Japan constructed three operational I-400 class submarines. They were 60% larger than the next largest submarine of that era (an American design). The I-400 was 122 meters in length (400ft) and could cruise 37,500 nautical miles without refueling. This was more than twice the range of any American submarines of the war years. The I-400 was heavily armed, and carried three floatplane bombers (and parts for a fourth), and each could be launched in seven minutes, even at night time. The article attached suggests these submarines could have been  highly formidable weapons of war for the Japanese if the war had not ended as early as it did. It is also suggested in the article that the famous Soviet Typhoon submarines were built around the same design as the Japanese submarine. The Typhoon is still the world’s heaviest submarine ever built. It weighs 48,000 tons (submerged displacement). I accept that many readers may find this blog as being of a trivial nature.

I400 submarine aircraft carrier japanese.pdf

Here is a documentary about the I-400 submarine


95] There was a secret German army following the end of WW2

A group of former German military officers set up a secret organization to fight the Russians and their Eastern Bloc allies

When I was a teenager I had a strong interest in the European sector of WW2 and I thought I had a fairly good idea of what was happening in Europe at the time, more particularly about the final Russian battle for Berlin. It is against this background that I was surprised to read in a recent edition of “International Spiegel online” (15/May/14) that, by accident, someone had come across a secret document in a German archive. It had emerged that former elite German officers had set up a contingency plan to defend Germany if the Soviets attempted to invade the western half of the country. The document was located in a file entitled “Insurance”. This seems to imply whoever put that secret publication in that location in the first place never seriously wanted the file to be opened at all.

The story in Spiegel is an interesting one if you are interested in post WW2 European history. From what the newspaper is saying, around 2000 former elite German officers set out to build an army of 40,000 fighters. It seems that the officers had no difficulty finding battle-hardened men seeking new military adventures in their lives, and it was only in 1951 that the West German government learned about the secret army’s existence. The German chancellor of the time (Adenhauer) elected to turn a blind eye to it. It was allegedly financed by businesses, former officers, veterans’ groups and transport companies who had agreed to have vehicles on standby if an invasion emergency occurred. Furthermore the group had no fear of associating former Nazis amongst their ranks. If a little bit of military mystery and intrigue fascinates you I feel you will enjoy reading this article.

German post WW2 army to fight Russians.pdf


96] The secret story of the great actress Audrey Hepburn

I think that you will admire Audrey Hepburn much more so after you view this compelling story


97] Thrill seeking guys defy angry bull

A sometimes funny and sometimes macabre video story


98] Fully loaded beyond belief

You will find a wide ranging number of overloaded vehicles in this presentation


99] He saved many in secret

Sir Nicholas Winton rescued Jewish children from the holocaust

This video is self explanatory. It is a tear jerking story.


100] Queen Victoria’s funeral

I think that this is an astonishing film from 1905


101] Have you ever heard of a locality in the U.S.A. called Bohemian Grove?

It seems that there may be such a place and it is possible that some of the most important decisions made in the world are made at this little known locality

If you are interested in the fabled Bohemian Grove you will probably find these two url links of interest. The second item seems to be dated:

1] Washington Post Article: https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/blogpost/post/bohemian-grove-where-the-rich-and-powerful-go-to-misbehave/2011/06/15/AGPV1sVH_blog.html?utm_term=.b51aca36c97c

2] A website titled “The secrets of Bohemian Grove


102] Pandamonium!

A truly delightful collection of video shorts of young pandas at play


103] Did you know that up to 50 nuclear warheads are believed to have gone missing during the Cold War?

One example is there is a reported hydrogen bomb on the ocean floor near the coast of Spain 1,000 times the explosive force of the one that flattened Hiroshima.

I believe this der spiegel online news article will probably great surprise many people


104] Snow removal from roads at its best!

Cleaning snow off roads in Russia


105] Did Hitler escape after all?

From recently released U.S. records there seems to be compelling reasons that he did, and that he died in the 1960’s

I do not believe this story. I will leave it up to you to make up your own mind with respect to this matter. There are many other online stories that appear to compliment this article


106] Abandoned military aircraft from around the world

This is a sad story if you love aircraft



Gary has lived under seven popes

This is his story

I first met Gary in 1970. He was then a middle level manager at John Martin and Co. in South Australia. John Martin’s was then a large retail organisation that had its principal office in Rundle Street, Adelaide, as well as three regional suburban stores. Gary was my boss.

Over time Gary and I became close friends and our respective families got along well with each other. Gary has been blessed with a very colourful and effervescent personality, that remains humorous and all embracing.  By this I mean that Gary has a very open and friendly personality, and somehow he seems to have had the knack of naturally attracting all manner of people towards himself. During his lifetime, Gary has assisted hundreds of people in putting their lives back in order, and he has also been a staunch and loyal member of the Roman Catholic Church in South Australia.

Gary also enjoys being part of the Australian political landscape, and he has had a close working relationship with Labor Prime Ministers Keating and Gillard. It is my opinion that, over many years, my friend Gary has played a significant role in the maintenance of Labor party unity and success in South Australia. He will be sadly missed when he is compelled to withdraw from the hustle and bustle of South Australian politics. Gary’s political stance tends to be left of centre. Gary is also my Godfather.

You will find Gary’s life story in the three sections that follow:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3